Plans and Resources
Governor Dayton’s Action Plan. The DNR collaborated with the Asian Carp Task Force to develop an Asian carp action plan; the goal of the plan is to prevent the movement of Asian carp up the Mississippi River, particularly north of Minneapolis, and in the St. Croix River, while continuing to understand the distribution and movement of the fish.
Asian Carp Task Force Action Plan. Over fall 2011, the ad hoc task force led by the MNDNR and National Parks Service drafted and revised an Action Plan with a list of prioritized actions to take to address the threat of Asian Carp.
Metropolitan Council study on impact of lock closure. The Metropolitan Council recently released a report entitled “Assessment of Economic Impact of Potentially Discontinuing the Operation of the Upper St. Anthony Falls Lock,” June 8, 2012. Closure of the lock would prevent passage of Asian carp further up the Mississippi River, but this action would impact barge traffic to the Upper Riverfront of Minneapolis. The study analyzes the changes to transportation and business that would result and the effect of those changes on the economy and users of the locks.
DNR study on financial risk posed by spread of Asian carp on recreational economy. The Minnesota Department of Natural Resources recently released a study entitled “Water Recreation Economy at Risk from the Potential Spread of Asian Carp in Minnesota: Selected water resources connected to the Mississippi River north of the Twin Cities,” May 2012. In light of the threat Asian carp pose to Minnesota’s $4 billion boating and fishing economy, this paper provides limited estimates of the size of these economies for selected water resources north of the Twin Cities without defining how much of this at-risk economy would be impacted by Asian Carp.
Minnesota statutes/legislation authorizing funds for barriers, research. The Legacy Bill included money to fight Asian Carp and other invasive species. $7.5 million was designated for barriers designed to slow the spread of Asian Carp. $3.8 million will help create an aquatic invasive species center at the University of Minnesota. Signed by Gov. Dayton 5/1/12.
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources (DNR), and National Park Service (NPS) websites. The DNR and the National Park Service co-lead an ad hoc task force charged with developing a plan to address the threat of Asian Carp spreading further into Minnesota waters. Both agencies have extensive information available about the research and plans to date.
USFWS plan to stop Asian Carp. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is working to monitor and prevent the spread of aquatic nuisance species within the Midwest region.
Federal legislation for Miss CARP Act. The Upper Mississippi Conservation and River Protection Act of 2012 or Upper Mississippi CARP Act (S 2164/HR 4146). In March 2012, Minnesota’s U.S. Senators Klobuchar (D) and Franken (D) and Representatives Ellison (D), Paulsen (R) and Walz (D) introduced legislation to authorize USACE to carry out activities to manage the threat of Asian carp traveling up the Mississippi River in Minnesota, including a mandatory lock closure in the event a live adult is captured above Lock 2.
Federal legislation for Multi-Agency Effort. In September 2012, Rep. McCollum (D-MN) and Rep. LaTourette (R-OH) introduced the Strategic Response to Asian Carp Invasion Act (HR 6385), a bill that would direct the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to lead a multiagency effort to slow the spread of Asian carp in the Upper Mississippi and Ohio Rivers. The team would provide technical assistance, coordination, best practices and support to state and local governments to address this threat, and require annual reports to Congress on the strategies established and progress made to control and eliminate Asian carp in these rivers.
Federal legislation related to Great Lakes Stop Invasive Species Act (S 2317/HR 4406): In April 2012, U.S. Senator Stabenow (D-MI) and Representative Camp (R-MI) introduced legislation that requires the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to speed up their study of the physical separation of Lake Michigan from the Mississippi River system so as to prevent the spread of aquatic invasive species like Asian carp.
EPA Report: “Predicting Future Introductions of Nonindigenous Species to the Great Lakes” The primary goal of this report is to help scientists and managers to better focus aquatic NIS monitoring activities and resources by identifying new invasive species, their potential to spread, and the U.S. Great Lakes ports most susceptible to invasion.
U of M AIS Research Center. The Legacy Bill included money to fight Asian Carp and other invasive species. The Clean Water Fund ($1.8m) and the Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund ($2m) will help create an aquatic invasive species cooperative research center within the College of Food, Agricultural and Natural Resources Sciences (CFANS) at the University of Minnesota. The center’s objective would be to develop and implement new technologies to permanently control and eliminate aquatic invasive species (AIS) in Minnesota. Signed by Gov. Dayton 5/1/12.
LaCrosse Research Center. The Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center (UMESC) is one of the leading research centers conducting ecological research to support the Department of the Interior’s and other local, state and federal resource agencies management of natural resources, fish, and wildlife. Research, monitoring and technical support focuses on: the control of aquatic invasive species, including Asian Carp; well-being and functioning of the large rivers, especially the Upper Mississippi River; preservation of threatened and endangered species; effects of contaminants on amphibians, fish and wildlife; and developing maps, computer models, and other decision support tools for improved management of our resources.
eDNA research/reports. In order to determine the invasion front of Asian Carp in the Upper Mississippi and St. Croix rivers, water samples for the target species’ environmental DNA (eDNA) were collected. Traditional monitoring methods for aquatic organisms are often not able to detect target species at low abundances due to inherent logistical difﬁculties of aquatic systems. By detecting the genetic trail left behind by a target organism rather than the physical specimen, environmental DNA technology allows for a more sensitive detection of rare species.
United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). The United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), in consultation with other agencies and organizations, is conducting the Great Lakes and Mississippi River Interbasin Study (GLMRIS) pursuant to Section 3061(d) of Water Resources Development Act of 2007. GLMRIS will explore options and technologies, collectively known as aquatic nuisance species (ANS) controls, that could be applied to prevent ANS transfer between the Great Lakes and Mississippi River basins through aquatic pathways. The USACE recently announced that it will provide Congress and the public the opportunity to identify a potential permanent Asian carp solution in 2013, much earlier than expected.
Chicago Area Waterway System (CAWS). Litigation State of Michigan, et al. v. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, et al., Case No. 1:10-cv-04457 (N.D. Ill.). Michigan and four other Great Lakes states filed a lawsuit against the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago based on public nuisance claims and calling for the Corps to use all available efforts to block the passage of Asian carp into the waterways linked to Lake Michigan. The U.S. Supreme Court recently rejected their plea for interim measures while the lawsuit in district court is still pending.
NRDC Issue Brief: Re-Envisioning the Chicago River. Adopting Comprehensive Regional Solutions to the Invasive Species Crisis:
Asian Carp Regional Coordinating Committee. The Asian Carp Regional Coordinating Committee will create a sustainable Asian carp control program to prevent introduction and implement actions to protect and maintain the integrity and safety of the Great Lakes ecosystem from an Asian carp invasion via all viable pathways. The goals and actions of the ACRCC are outlined in the 2011 Asian Carp Control Strategy Framework and the 2011 Monitoring and Rapid Response plan.
State of the River Report. In October 2012, Friends of the Mississippi River and the National Park Service released a report that answers the question, “So, how is the Mississippi River?” by looking at 13 key indicators of the river’s health. Asian carp are identified as an invasive fish that poses a serious threat to the river recreation and ecosystem health.